guagno - guagnu

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20160 GUAGNO

guagno (7)

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Guagno is a mountain village stretched out in tiers on a summit with perfectly integrated old houses.
Surrounded by the communes of Orto, Pastricciola and Rezza, it was the crossroads of transhumance paths, passing in particular through the mouths of the Manganellu to reach central Corsica.

The village was founded in the middle of the 15th century under the Republic of Genoa. The origin of its name comes from the word "gualdagnu", which would be a contract between an animal owner and a shepherd. In Guagno, there are several estives and sheepfolds that belonged to pig breeders and shepherds who lived in the region and who transhumed from the Liamone. These transhumance routes date back to prehistoric times, and passed near the thermal springs, which were then the meeting point for many shepherds.

Its ancient name "Guagno-les-Bains" dates back to the 16th century, due to the presence of thermal springs. And during the 19th century, under the reign of Napoleon III, with the creation of the military hospital and the beginning of spa tourism, these sulphur springs had a considerable tourist and commercial attraction. Unfortunately, today the spa is closed.

The village is also the home of the famous bandit Theodore Poli, who required a military operation in 1822 to put an end to his activity. He became a bandit because of a misunderstanding concerning military service: one of his enemies wrongly accused him of wanting to desert. Arrested, Théodore Poli killed the brigadier, went underground and decided to chase the gendarmes. His actions earned him the respect of the population, who saw in him a resistance to the French state, embodied by the authorities.

For the record:
Guagno was founded in the 15th century before Genoa ceded Corsica to the office of Saint George.
The people of Guagno, frightened, fled the village to settle in the Cruzzini valley. Thus was born the proverb which says: "Guagnesi è Pastricciulesi so cum'è babbi é figlioli" (the Guagnais and the Pastricciolais are like father and son).
Guagno is also the place where the monument of the priest Circinellu is located. Known for his refusal to be attached to France, he led a resistance with the Tritorre mountain people for three years. Born Dominique Leca, the abbot refused to swear an oath to Louis XV after the defeat at Ponte Novu and went underground. He was found dead in 1768 in a cave near Ania di Fium'orbu, his rifle in one hand and his crucifix in the other.

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Access

  • Airport/airfield
    Ajaccio at 68 km
  • Maritime station
    Ajaccio at 68 km

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  • Mountain
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In the vicinity